Catégories
Plantes

Meilleures Vivaces

LatinNameCommonNameHabitHardinessEdibilityRatingMedicinalRatingOtherUsesRating
Achillea millefoliumYarrow, Boreal yarrow, California yarrow, Giant yarrow, Coast yarrow, Western yarrow, Pacific yarrowPerennial2344
Acorus calamusSweet Flag – CalamusPerennial334 
Acorus gramineusGrass-leaved Sweet Rush, Japanese Sweet Flag, Dwarf Sweet FlagPerennial533 
Aegopodium podagrariaGround Elder, Bishop’s goutweed, Goutweed, Ground Elder, Bishop’s WeedPerennial5321
Agastache mexicanaMexican Giant HyssopPerennial7302
Alcea roseaHollyhockPerennial6323
Althaea officinalisMarsh Mallow, Common marshmallowPerennial3553
Amaranthus hypochondriacusPrince’s Feather, Prince-of-wales featherAnnual/Perennial4432
Amphicarpaea bracteataHog Peanut, American hogpeanutPerennial Climber5513
Apios americanaGround NutPerennial3513
Apios fortuneiHodo, HodoimoPerennial5513
Apios priceanaTraveler’s delightPerennial7503
Aralia cordataUdoPerennial5420
Aralia nudicaulisWild SarsaparillaPerennial4433
Aralia racemosaAmerican SpikenardPerennial4332
Arisaema triphyllumJack In The Pulpit, Dragonroot, Indian TurnipPerennial432 
Armoracia rusticanaHorseradish, Red ColePerennial5332
Artemisia dracunculusTarragon, French TarragonPerennial6423
Arundo donaxGiant Reed, Giant Reed GrassPerennial6324
Asarum canadenseSnake Root, Canadian wildginger, Canada Wild Ginger, Wild GingerPerennial2333
Asarum caudatumWild Ginger, British Columbia wildgingerPerennial732 
Asarum splendensChinese Wild GingerPerennial6303
Asclepias halliiPurple Silkweed, Hall’s milkweedPerennial331 
Asclepias incarnataSwamp Milkweed, Swamp Butterfly Weed, Marsh MilkweedPerennial3323
Asclepias rubraRed SilkweedPerennial531 
Asclepias speciosaShowy MilkweedPerennial2323
Asclepias syriacaCommon Milkweed, Silkweed, MilkweedPerennial3323
Asclepias tuberosaPleurisy Root, Butterfly milkweed, Rolfs’ milkweed, Indian PaintbrushPerennial3330
Asparagus cochinchinensisChinese AsparagusPerennial733 
Asparagus officinalisAsparagus, Garden asparagusPerennial4432
Asphodeline luteaKing’s Spear, Yellow Asphodel, Jacob’s RodPerennial7402
Aster scaber Perennial7302
Astragalus crassicarpusGround Plum, Groundplum milkvetchPerennial7413
Balsamorhiza deltoideaDeltoid BalsamrootPerennial541 
Balsamorhiza hookeriBalsam Root, Hooker’s balsamroot, Hairy balsamroot, Idaho balsamroot, Rabbithead balsamroot, NeglePerennial541 
Balsamorhiza incanaHoary BalsamrootPerennial531 
Balsamorhiza sagittataOregon Sunflower, Arrowleaf balsamrootPerennial5422
Barbarea vulgarisYellow Rocket, Garden yellowrocketPerennial6310
Blephilia ciliataDowny wood mintPerennial4312
Brassica oleraceaWild Cabbage, Broccoli, Tronchuda cabbage, Brussels sprouts, Kohlrabi, Sprouting broccoliBiennial/Perennial7423
Bunias orientalisTurkish Rocket, Turkish wartycabbagePerennial740 
Bunium bulbocastanumPig Nut, Earth-nutPerennial5410
Butomus umbellatusFlowering RushPerennial5301
Calamintha nepetaLesser CalamintPerennial6322
Calamintha sylvaticaCalamint, Woodland calamintPerennial632 
Callirhoe involucrataPoppy Mallow, Purple poppymallow, Winecup, Finger Poppy MallowPerennial5320
Campanula alliariifoliaCornish BellflowerPerennial330 
Campanula carpaticaTussock Bellflower, Carpathian Bellflower, Carpathian HarebellPerennial3302
Campanula carpatica turbinata Perennial3302
Campanula cochleariifoliaFairies ThimblesPerennial640 
Campanula fenestrellataAdriatic BellflowerPerennial640 
Campanula garganicaAdriatic BellflowerPerennial530 
Campanula glomerataClustered Bellflower, Dane’s blood, Clustered BellflowerPerennial240 
Campanula lactifloraMilky BellflowerPerennial530 
Campanula latifoliaLarge Campanula, Giant bellflowerPerennial331 
Campanula latiloba Perennial330 
Campanula persicifoliaHarebell, Peachleaf bellflowerPerennial340 
Campanula portenschlagianaAdria BellflowerPerennial3303
Campanula poscharskyanaTrailing BellflowerPerennial340 
Campanula punctataChinese Rampion, Spotted bellflowerPerennial640 
Campanula rapunculoidesCreeping Bellflower, Rampion bellflowerPerennial3310
Campanula takesimanaKorean BellflowerPerennial540 
Cardamine amaraLarge BittercressPerennial531 
Cardamine pratensisCuckoo FlowerPerennial4322
Chenopodium bonus-henricusGood King HenryPerennial5421
Chenopodium spp.Perennial quinoaPerennial4532
Cichorium intybusChicory, Radicchio, Succory, WitloofPerennial3433
Cirsium eduleEdible ThistlePerennial730 
Cirsium foliosumElk thistlePerennial6302
Claytonia carolinianaBroad-Leaved Spring Beauty, Carolina springbeautyPerennial6301
Claytonia lanceolataLanceleaf Spring Beauty, Idaho springbeauty, Pacific springbeauty, Peirson’s springbeautyPerennial530 
Claytonia megarhizaAlpine Spring BeautyPerennial430 
Claytonia sibiricaPink Purslane, Siberian springbeautyAnnual/Perennial3413
Claytonia tuberosaTuberous Spring BeautyPerennial430 
Claytonia virginicaSpring Beauty, Virginia springbeauty, Hammond’s claytonia, Yellow Virginia springbeautyPerennial631 
Commelina communisDay Flower, Asiatic dayflowerPerennial7321
Conopodium majusPignutPerennial7300
Cornus canadensisCreeping Dogwood, Bunchberry dogwood, BunchberryPerennial2422
Cornus x unalaschkensisBunchberryPerennial230 
Crambe cordifoliaFlowering sea kalePerennial6313
Crambe maritimaSea KalePerennial5403
Crambe orientalis Perennial730 
Crambe tataricaTartar Bread PlantPerennial5302
Cryptotaenia canadensisHonewort, Canadian honewortPerennial530 
Cryptotaenia japonicaMitsuba, Japanese honewortPerennial541 
Cymopterus purpurascensGamote, Widewing springparsleyPerennial7401
Cynara cardunculusCardoonPerennial6351
Cynara scolymusGlobe ArtichokePerennial6352
Dentaria diphyllaCrinklerootPerennial4420
Dentaria laciniataCut-Leaved ToothwortPerennial630 
Desmanthus illinoensisPrairie Mimosa, Illinois bundleflowerPerennial4411
Dioscorea batatasChinese YamPerennial5553
Diplotaxis tenuifoliaPerennial Wall RocketPerennial6400
Elymus hispidusWild triga, Pubescent wheatgrass,Perennial7404
Epilobium angustifoliumWillow HerbPerennial3322
Epilobium latifoliumRiver BeautyPerennial5321
Eryngium maritimumSea Holly, Seaside eryngoPerennial5332
Fagopyrum spp.Perennial BuckwheatPerennial5432
Filipendula ulmariaMeadowsweet, Queen of the meadow, Double Lady of the Meadow, European MeadowsweetPerennial2333
Foeniculum vulgareFennel, Sweet fennelPerennial5534
LatinNameCommonNameHabitHardinessEdibilityRatingMedicinalRatingOtherUsesRating
Foeniculum vulgare azoricumFlorence FennelPerennial7333
Foeniculum vulgare dulceSweet FennelPerennial7434
FragariaStrawberry, Beach strawberry, Pacific beach strawberry, Sandwich beach strawberry, Virginia strawberPerennial530 
Fragaria chiloensisBeach Strawberry, Pacific beach strawberry, Sandwich beach strawberryPerennial4313
Fragaria moschataHautbois StrawberryPerennial6302
Fragaria vescaWild Strawberry, Woodland strawberry, California strawberryPerennial5333
Fragaria vesca ‘Semperflorens’Alpine StrawberryPerennial553 
Fragaria virginianaScarlet Strawberry, Virginia strawberryPerennial3322
Fragaria viridisGreen StrawberryPerennial6303
Fragaria x ananassaStrawberryPerennial5503
Galium odoratumSweet Woodruff, Sweetscented bedstraw, BedstrawPerennial5333
Galium verumLady’s Bedstraw, Yellow Spring bedstraw, Wirtgen’s bedstrawPerennial3320
Geum rivaleWater Avens, Purple avensPerennial3321
Geum urbanumWood Avens, Bennet’s Root – Old man’s whiskers, Herb bennetPerennial6332
Glyceria fluitansFloating Manna Grass, Water mannagrassPerennial530 
Glycine spp.Perennial SoybeanPerennial7434
Glycyrrhiza lepidotaAmerican LiquoricePerennial4433
Glycyrrhiza uralensisGan CaoPerennial6343
Hablitzia tamnoidesCaucasian spinachPerennial Climber6401
Hedysarum alpinumAlpine SweetvetchPerennial430 
Hedysarum borealeSweet Vetch, Utah sweetvetch, Northern sweetvetchPerennial3403
Hedysarum boreale mackenziiLiquorice RootPerennial340 
Hedysarum hedysaroidesAlpine French HoneysucklePerennial430 
Hedysarum occidentaleLiquorice Root, Western sweetvetchPerennial440 
Helianthus giganteusGiant SunflowerPerennial4300
Helianthus maximilianiiMaximillian Sunflower, Maximillian DaisyPerennial4300
Helianthus pauciflorusStiff Sunflower, Prairie SunflowerPerennial3401
Helianthus tuberosusJerusalem ArtichokePerennial4413
Hemerocallis aurantiaca Perennial6412
Hemerocallis citrinaCitron daylilyPerennial4412
Hemerocallis dumortieriDumortier’s daylilyPerennial4413
Hemerocallis exaltata Perennial441 
Hemerocallis fulvaCommon Day Lily, Orange daylily, Tawny Daylily, Double DaylilyPerennial4522
Hemerocallis fulva longituba Perennial4412
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelusYellow Day LilyPerennial4422
Hemerocallis littoreaCoastal Day LilyPerennial4412
Hemerocallis middendorffiiAmur daylily, Middendorf, DaylilyPerennial5512
Hemerocallis middendorffii esculenta Perennial551 
Hemerocallis minorGrassleaf Day Lily, Small daylilyPerennial4412
Hemerocallis multiflora Perennial441 
Hemerocallis thunbergii Perennial4412
Hemerocallis yezoensis Perennial541 
Heracleum sphondyliumCow Parsnip, EltrotBiennial/Perennial5322
Heracleum sphondylium montanumCow ParsnipPerennial532 
Honckenya peploidesSea Sandwort, Seaside sandplantPerennial530 
Hosta longipes Perennial4303
Houttuynia cordataTsi, Chameleon, Rainbow Plant, Chameleon PlantPerennial5432
Humulus lupulusHop, Common hop, European Hop,Perennial Climber5453
Hydrophyllum canadenseJohn’s Cabbage, Bluntleaf waterleafPerennial430 
Hydrophyllum capitatumCat’s Breeches, Ballhead waterleaf, Alpine waterleaf, Thompson’s waterleafPerennial530 
Hydrophyllum virginianumVirginia Waterleaf, Eastern waterleafPerennial431 
Inula heleniumElecampane, Elecampane inulaPerennial5332
Ipomoea pandurataWild Potato Vine, Man of the earthPerennial Climber7322
Kosteletzkya pentacarpos Perennial730 
Lactuca perennisPerennial LettucePerennial632 
Lathyrus tuberosusEarthnut Pea, Tuberous sweetpeaPerennial6503
Lepidium latifoliumDittander, Broadleaved pepperweedPerennial6310
Lepidium spp.Perennial LepidiumPerennial3530
Levisticum officinaleLovage, Garden lovagePerennial4332
Leymus racemosusVolga Wild Rye, Mammoth wildryePerennial530 
Ligusticum canbyiOshaPerennial4302
Ligusticum scoticumScottish Lovage, Scottish licorice-root, Hulten’s licorice-rootPerennial4322
Linum hybridsPerennial FlaxPerennial4444
Linum perennePerennial Flax, Blue flax, Alpine flaxPerennial732 
Lomatium cousBiscuitroot, Cous biscuitrootPerennial6401
Lomatium dissectumFernleaf Biscuitroot, Carrotleaf biscuitrootPerennial7422
Lomatium nudicaulePestle Parsnip, Barestem biscuitrootPerennial7422
Lupinus nootkatensisBlue Lupine, Nootka lupinePerennial4303
Lupinus perennisSundial LupinePerennial4313
Lycopus uniflorusBugleweed, Northern bugleweedPerennial531 
Lysichiton americanusYellow Skunk Cabbage, American skunkcabbagePerennial632 
Malva alceaVervain mallow, Hollyhock MallowPerennial4512
Malva excisa Perennial441 
Malva moschataMusk MallowPerennial3522
Malva nicaeensisBull MallowPerennial731 
Malva sylvestrisMallow, High mallow, French Hollyhock, Common Mallow, Tree Mallow, Tall MallowBiennial/Perennial5333
Medeola virginianaIndian Cucumber RootPerennial3411
Medicago sativaAlfalfa, Yellow alfalfaPerennial5434
Megacarpaea megalocarpa Perennial730 
Melissa officinalisLemon Balm, Common balm, Bee Balm, Sweet Balm, Lemon BalmPerennial4353
Mentha aquaticaWater MintPerennial6333
Mentha arvensisCorn Mint, Wild mintPerennial4323
Mentha arvensis piperascensJapanese MintPerennial432 
Mentha arvensis villosaAmerican Wild MintPerennial432 
Mentha cervinaHart’s PennyroyalPerennial732 
Mentha pulegiumPennyroyalPerennial7330
Mentha requieniiCorsican Mint, MintPerennial6323
Mentha spicataSpearmintPerennial3433
Mentha x gracilisGinger MintPerennial632 
Mentha x piperita officinalisWhite PeppermintPerennial3353
Mentha x piperita vulgarisBlack PeppermintPerennial3453
Mentha x smithianaRed Raripila MintPerennial632 
Mentha x villosa alopecuroidesApple Mint, Bowles’ MintPerennial5423
Mertensia maritimaOyster PlantPerennial330 
Monarda didymaBergamot, Scarlet beebalm, Horsemint, Oswego Tea, Bee BalmPerennial4323
Monarda fistulosaWild Bergamot, Mintleaf bergamot, Wild Bee-Balm, LupinePerennial4322
Myrrhis odorataSweet Cicely, AnisePerennial5433
Nasturtium microphyllumWatercress, Onerow yellowcressPerennial6310
Nasturtium officinaleWatercressPerennial6432
Nasturtium x sterileBrown WatercressPerennial643 
LatinNameCommonNameHabitHardinessEdibilityRatingMedicinalRatingOtherUsesRating
Nelumbo luteaAmerican Water Lotus, American lotusPerennial4410
Nelumbo nuciferaSacred Water Lotus, Sacred lotusPerennial543 
Nepeta catariaCatmint, CatnipPerennial3320
Nuphar advenaCommon Spatterdock, Yellow pond-lily, Varigated yellow pond-lilyPerennial3320
Nuphar japonicum Perennial631 
Nuphar luteaYellow Water Lily, Yellow pond-lily, Rocky Mountain pond-lily, Varigated yellow pond-lilyPerennial432 
Nuphar polysepalaSpatterdock, Rocky Mountain pond-lilyPerennial431 
Nymphaea albaWhite Water Lily, European white waterlilyPerennial532 
Nymphaea odorataFragrant Water Lily, American white waterlilyPerennial5330
Nymphaea tuberosaTuberous Water Lily, American white waterlilyPerennial333 
Oenanthe javanicaWater Dropwort, Java waterdropwort, Stolon waterdropwortPerennial5323
Opuntia compressaEastern Prickly Pear, Prickly Pear CactusPerennial4312
Opuntia polyacanthaPlains Prickly Pear, El Paso pricklypear, Grizzlybear pricklypear, Navajo Bridge pricklypear, HairspPerennial3310
Origanum majoranaSweet MarjoramPerennial7333
Origanum vulgareOregano, Pot MarjoramPerennial5435
Origanum vulgare hirtumGreek OreganoPerennial5433
Orontium aquaticumGolden ClubPerennial730 
Osmorhiza chilensis Perennial630 
Osmorhiza claytoniiWoolly Sweet-Cicely, Clayton’s sweetrootPerennial6311
Osmorhiza longistylisAniseroot, Longstyle sweetrootPerennial6311
Osmorhiza occidentalisWestern Sweet-Cicely, Western sweetrootPerennial632 
Oxalis acetosellaWood SorrelPerennial3323
Oxalis oreganaRedwood SorrelPerennial7313
Oxalis tuberosaOcaPerennial750 
Oxyria digynaMountain Sorrel, Alpine mountainsorrelPerennial2310
Peltandra virginicaGreen Arrow ArumPerennial530 
Peltaria alliaceaGarlic CressPerennial6403
Peltaria turkmena Perennial640 
Petasites japonicusSweet Coltsfoot, Japanese sweet coltsfoot, ButterburPerennial5321
Phragmites australisCommon Reed, American common reed, Hybrid common reed, European common reed, Subtropical common rePerennial5524
Phytolacca americanaPokeweed, American pokeweed, Garnet, Pigeon Berry, PokePerennial4332
Plantago coronopusBuck’s-Horn PlantainAnnual/Perennial6322
Plantago maritimaSea Plantain, Goose tongue, California goose tonguePerennial6322
Polygonum bistortaBistort, Meadow bistort, SnakeweedPerennial4332
Polygonum bistortoidesAmerican BistortPerennial531 
Polygonum japonicumJapanese Knotweed, Mexican Bamboo, Japanese KnotweedPerennial5330
Polygonum viviparumAlpine BistortPerennial331 
Pontederia cordataPickerel WeedPerennial3310
Potentilla anserinaSilverweedPerennial5332
Primula verisCowslip, Cowslip primrosePerennial533 
Primula vulgarisPrimrose, Common Primrose, English PrimrosePerennial6333
Psoralea esculentaBreadroot, Large Indian breadrootPerennial4513
Psoralea hypogaeaSmall Indian BreadrootPerennial440 
Pueraria montana lobataKudzu VinePerennial Climber6454
Reynoutria japonicaJapanese knotweed.Perennial5333
Rheum × hybridumGarden RhubarbPerennial4431
Rheum australeHimalayan RhubarbPerennial6332
Rheum nobileSikkim RhubarbPerennial7321
Rheum palmatumTurkey Rhubarb, Chinese Rhubarb – Da Huang, Chinese rhubarbPerennial7352
Rheum palmatum tanguticumDa HuangPerennial6350
Rheum x cultorumRhubarbPerennial3432
Rhexia virginicaDeer Grass, Handsome HarryPerennial331 
Rhynchosinapis wrightiiLundy CabbagePerennial740 
Rorippa amphibiaGreat Yellow CressPerennial630 
Rubus chamaemorusCloudberryPerennial2412
Rumex acetosaSorrel, Garden sorrelPerennial3534
Rumex acetosellaSheeps Sorrel, Common sheep sorrelPerennial5431
Rumex alpinusAlpine Dock, Munk’s rhubarbPerennial5421
Rumex patientiaHerb PatiencePerennial6310
Rumex scutatusBuckler-Leaved Sorrel, French sorrelPerennial6412
Sagittaria cuneataWapato, arumleaf arrowheadPerennial641 
Sagittaria latifoliaDuck Potato, Broadleaf ArrowheadPerennial7510
Sagittaria rigidaSessile-Fruited ArrowheadPerennial730 
Sagittaria sagittifoliaArrow Head, Hawaii arrowheadPerennial7510
Sagittaria trifoliaChinese Arrowroot, Threeleaf arrowheadPerennial7400
Salvia columbariaeChia, Ziegler’s sageAnnual/Perennial732 
Sanguisorba minorSalad Burnet, Small burnetPerennial5423
Satureja spicigeraCreeping SavoryPerennial7323
Scirpus lacustrisBulrushPerennial431 
Scirpus maritimusSeaside Bulrush. Cosmopolitan BulrushPerennial631 
Scolymus hispanicusSpanish Salsify, Common GoldenthistleBiennial/Perennial7300
Scorzonera hispanicaScorzoneraPerennial6401
Secale hybridsPerennial cereal ryePerennial3514
Secale strictumMountain RyePerennial350 
Secale strictum kuprijanovii Perennial350 
Sidalcea malvifloraCheckerbloom, Dwarf checkerbloom, California checkerbloom, Siskiyou checkerbloomPerennial630 
Silphium integrifoliumPrairie RosinweedPerennial4312
Sium sisarumSkirret, Suikerwortel (Netherlands), Crummock (Scotland), Zuckewurzel (Germany)Perennial640 
Sium suaveWater Parsnip, Hemlock waterparsnipPerennial431 
Smilacina racemosaFalse SpikenardPerennial4422
Smilacina stellataStar-Flowered Lily Of The ValleyPerennial3420
Smilax herbaceaCarrion Flower, Smooth carrionflowerPerennial Climber4412
Sorghum hybridsPerennial SorghumPerennial7413
Sporobolus cryptandrusSand DropseedPerennial5300
Stachys affinisChinese Artichoke, Artichoke betonyPerennial541 
Stachys palustrisMarsh Woundwort, Marsh hedgenettlePerennial5321
Stellaria gramineaLesser stitchwortPerennial4312
Stellaria jamesianatuber starwortPerennial5300
Stellaria puberaStar chickweedPerennial6313
Streptopus amplexifoliusWild Cucumber, Claspleaf twistedstalk, Tubercle twistedstalkPerennial5421
Streptopus roseusScootberry, RosybellsPerennial3420
Streptopus streptopoidesSmall twistedstalkPerennial330 
Symphytum asperumPrickly ComfreyPerennial5320
Symphytum officinaleComfrey, Common comfreyPerennial5354
Symphytum uplandicumComfreyPerennial5354
Tanacetum balsamitaAlecost, CostmaryPerennial632 
Taraxacum officinaleDandelion – Kukraundha, Kanphool, Common dandelion, DandelionPerennial5433
Tragopogon dubiusYellow SalsifyAnnual/Perennial5300
Tragopogon pratensisGoat’s BeardAnnual/Perennial332 
Trapa bicornisLing, Horn nutPerennial541 
LatinNameCommonNameHabitHardinessEdibilityRatingMedicinalRatingOtherUsesRating
Trapa natansWater ChestnutPerennial5402
Trifolium pratenseRed CloverPerennial6334
Trifolium repensWhite Clover, Dutch Clover, Purple Dutch Clover, Shamrock, White CloverPerennial4324
Tussilago farfaraColtsfootPerennial5333
Typha angustifoliaSmall Reed Mace, Narrowleaf cattailPerennial353 
Typha domingensisSouthern CattailPerennial5432
Typha latifoliaReedmace, Broadleaf cattail, Bullrush, NailrodPerennial3534
Typha laxmannii Perennial441 
Umbilicus rupestrisPennywortPerennial731 
Urtica dioicaStinging Nettle, California nettlePerennial4554
Vicia sylvaticaWood vetchPerennial Climber4312
Viola aduncaWestern Dog Violet, Hookedspur violet, Kirk’s violetPerennial431 
Viola canadensisCanada Violet, Canadian white violet, Creepingroot violetPerennial4312
Viola caninaDog VioletPerennial631 
Viola cornutaHorned Violet, Bedding Pansy, Tufted Pansy,Perennial5300
Viola cucullataMarsh Blue VioletPerennial3313
Viola epipsilaDwarf Marsh VioletPerennial530 
Viola labradoricaLabrador Violet, Alpine violet, Johnny Jump-Up, Alpine VioletPerennial2302
Viola mirabiliswonder violetPerennial531 
Viola odorataSweet Violet, English Violet, Garden Violet, Sweet Violet, Florist’s VioletPerennial5533
Viola palmataPalmate Violet, Early blue violet,Perennial431 
Viola pinnata Perennial531 
Viola rivinianaWood VioletPerennial5303
Viola sororiaWooly Blue Violet, Common blue violetPerennial4313
Viola yezoensisChinese VioletPerennial632 
Wolffia arrhizaLeast Duckweed, Spotless watermealPerennial740 
Wyethia amplexicaulisMulesears Wyethia, Mule-earsPerennial531